You're going to miss your train! 1361. Uso de "going to" para referirse a planes e intenciones What next? We're going to go to the dentist's next week. We are saying what we think will happen. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to ask yes-no and open-ended questions about future events. going to for intention. Example sentences, explanations and exercises for students and teachers Read about declarative, imperative and exclamatory sentences in our Types of Sentences article. I'm not going to see him tomorrow. We use going to when we have the intention to do something before we speak. Ou seja, quando uma ação já está planejada e irá acontecer num futuro próximo. We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. However, here the word order is usually changed to put the verb before the subject. For example: In this sentence, "deadline" is the subject and "is" is the verb. Could you imagine life without questions? My boss isn't going to be very happy! going to for prediction. Auxiliary Subject going to Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't) Are: you: going to It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in … 2. This happens frequently in direct questions: In addition to the open-ended interrogative sentences described above, there are a few other types of interrogatives. You're going to phone Phil tomorrow. The use of going to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present.The time is not important, it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on something in the present situation that we know about. Mind the word order in questions. The going to of this future construction is frequently contracted in colloquial English to (be) gonna, and in some forms of English the copula may also be omitted. 6. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. In everyday speech, going to is often shortened to gonna, especially in American English, but it is never written that way. An open-ended question usually begins with a "question word" in English: So start your open-ended interrogative sentence with a question word, then continue the sentence with the verb and the subject. (él) No va a nadar a la playa. We be at the party on Saturday night. ; We're not going to paint our bedroom tomorrow. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in more detail in expository writing. The use of going to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present. Show example. Function. 8. When you want an answer to a question, it's crucial to ask it directly in your writing or speaking, instead of creating an indirect question like this. It is one of the four basic types of sentences, and it's a highly useful one. For example: Often times an interrogative sentence requires a helping verb. How do we use going to? Going to affirmative negative and interrogative practise the structure of going to sentences in affirmative, negative and interogative ID: 225470 Idioma: inglés Asignatura: English as a Second Language (ESL) Curso/nivel: 2º secundaria Edad: 12-13 Tema principal: Going to future They also begin with a verb or a helping verb. Exercise 1. Negative and Interrogative Sentences With Be Going To, Be ~Ing: Is Jim going to cook dinner for us? She: She's not going to swim at the beach. Don't forget to use the short form. Ellen and Harry are going to watch TV tonight. 2. Intermediate. Examine the examples below to get a feel for how this works in practice: In some cases, the question word itself serves as the subject of the sentence, because the subject is unknown — in fact, answering the question will provide the subject. Task No. 7. The purpose of this sentence is to report that he asked something, it is not to ask the question "Do you still want to go to the show?". Don write a letter at the weekend. Tag questions usually ask for confirmation. We use object + am / is / are + going to + be + verb3 (past participle) to form going to future passive voice. 4. While your meaning may still be clear, it is a little rambling and not technically an interrogative sentence. Going is mainly used to refer to our plans and intentions or to make predictions based on present evidence. They walk the dog later. Do you think I should go home or stay a little longer? We have already made a decision before speaking. El uso de "going to" para referirse a eventos futuros sugiere un vínculo muy sólido con el presente.El momento preciso no es relevante, es posterior al ahora, pero la actitud implica que dicho evento depende de algo que sabemos sobre la situación actual. All rights reserved. En el discurso cotidiano, "going to" suele acortarse como "gonna", especialmente en inglés americano, aunque nunca se escribe así. All Rights Reserved. In these cases, the subject comes between the helping verb and the main verb. Sentence Practice. For example: The word "if" sets up the indirect question that is embedded in this declarative sentence. Would you like cookies or a banana for dessert? 1. For example: Tag questions are added on to the end of declarative sentences. He asked if I still wanted to go to the show. The verb comes before the subject in a direct question. Is it going to rain a lot in Australia this year?. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. Will you be home soon, or should I eat without you? Interrogative sentences can be in positive or negative form, and in any tense. (tú) No vas a nadar a la playa. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in … When we use going in a phrase to talk about the future, the form is composed of three elements:the verb to be conjugated to match the subject + going + the infinitive of the main verb. Who is the best shortstop in the Major Leagues? A declarative sentence makes a statement and follows standard subject-verb word order, but you can add a short question offset by a comma to make it an interrogative fragment. For example: These are "or" questions that are designed to offer one or more choices in the context of the question. He: is not isn't: He's not going to swim at the beach. It's going to rain soon. Going To - Negative Complete the following sentences using the negative of going to. ; When are you going to go on holiday? (yo) No voy a nadar a la playa. Ann's going to make a sandwich for dinner. When are the best days to go to the mall? I'm going to eat that cake. The basic function (job) of an interrogative sentence is to ask a direct question. They start with a verb or helping verb followed by the subject. You: are not aren't: You're not going to swim at the beach. Bill's going to wear a suit to the wedding. 5. To eliminate confusion, begin a question with a question word or verb and end it with a question mark to make sure you have really made an interrogative sentence. She's going to have a party for her birthday. Ele é usado quando a pessoa já decidiu o que vai fazer. It should be noted that this is different from indirect questions, which are declarative sentences that report a question that was asked in another context. What is the function of an interrogative sentence? Subject auxiliarY Going to verb (Infinitive) Examples; I: am not 'm not: going to: swim: I'm not going to swim at the beach. Función. (the cat/to sit) Answer: Is the cat going to sit on the wall? (main verb is elided). I was wondering if I could buy you dinner. Example: on the wall? "Going to" se emplea sobre todo para hablar de nuestros planes e intenciones, o para realizar predicciones basadas en evidencias actuales. I crashed the company car. (past form of the going-to future, formed with the past copula were) Yes I'm going to. Like all complete sentences in English, an interrogative sentence must contain a subject and a verb. Questions in the going to-future – Exercise 2. 3. Our prediction is based on present evidence. Â© EF Education First 2020. The climate of Australia is significantly influenced by ocean currents, including the Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Niño – Southern Oscillation, which is correlated with periodic drought, and the seasonal tropical low-pressure system that produces ciclones in northern Australia. An interrogative sentence asks a direct question and is punctuated at the end with a question mark. These questions are designed to be answered simply with either an affirmative or a negative. 5. Questions without question words in the going to-future. 4. For example: In this sentence, the subject "Suzie" is sandwiched between the helping verb "did" and the main verb "leave." These direct questions will lead you to the answers you seek in the most straightforward manner. He says he's going to buy a Porsche. The time is not important, it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on something in the present situation that we know about. It asks us something or requests information (as opposed to a statement which tells us something or gives information). Is the dog okay, or should we go to the vet? Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. It's 8.30! I don’t know. Here are some examples: The sky is very black. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. Use the going to-future. Do you need help? Is Jim going to cook dinner for us tonight? For example: Whether open-ended or not, interrogative sentences always ask direct questions. O going to é uma expressão utilizada no inglês para falar de planos e intenções futuras. 9. (negative interrogative form) We were going to tell you earlier. Example: I _____ see him tomorrow. 3. It's going to snow. 1. Look at these examples: Jo has won the lottery. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others.